Zizyphus spina-christi protects against carbon tetrachloride-induced liver fibrosis in rats

Amr Amin, Doaa Mahmoud-Ghoneim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study of chronic hepatic fibrosis has been receiving an escalating attention in the past two decades. The aim of the study was to examine the effects of the water extract of Zizyphus spina-christi (L.) (ZSC) on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatic fibrosis. ZSC extract was daily administered [alone (ZSC-control group) or along with CCl4 (protected groups)] at 0.125 (low dose), 0.250 (medium dose) and 0.350 (high dose) g/kg b.wt. for 8 weeks. Histo-pathological, biochemical and histology texture analyses revealed that ZSC significantly impede the progression of hepatic fibrosis. ZSC resulted in a significant amelioration of liver injury judged by the reduced activities of serum ALT and AST. Oral administration of ZSC has also restored normal levels of malondialdehyde and retained control activities of endogenous antioxidants such as SOD, CAT and GSH. Furthermore, ZSC reduced the expression of α-smooth muscle actin, the deposition of types I and III collagen in CCl4-injured rats. Texture analysis of microscopic images along with fibrosis index calculation showed improvement in the quality of type I collagen distribution and its quantity after administration of ZSC extract. These results demonstrate that administration of ZSC may be useful in the treatment and prevention of hepatic fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2111-2119
Number of pages9
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume47
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Collagen
  • Liver fibrosis
  • Oxidative stress
  • Texture analysis
  • Zizyphus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology

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