Visible-light-driven photocatalytic formation of propylene carbonate using FeNbO4/reduced graphene oxide composites

Salwa Hussein Ahmed, Maram Bakiro, Ahmed Alzamly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Photocatalytic cycloaddition of carbon dioxide to propylene oxide was achieved using a series of novel FeNbO4/reduced graphene oxide composites. Three different mass ratios of reduced graphene oxide incorporated FeNbO4 were used, namely, FeNbO4–3% rGO, FeNbO4–5% rGO, and FeNbO4–10% rGO. Prepared photocatalysts were characterized using UV–Visible (UV–Vis) diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) for determination of the specific surface area and porosity. The successful incorporation of reduced graphene oxide into FeNbO4 was further supported with the enhanced photocatalytic performance of these composites, furthermore, FeNbO4–5% rGO exhibited the highest photocatalytic cyclic carbonate formation reaching up to 57% yield. Detailed investigation shows that the prepared composites are promising heterogeneous photocatalysts for the cycloaddition of carbon dioxide under simulated visible light irradiation, their enhanced photocatalytic activities ascribed to the enhanced separation efficiency of photo-generated charge carriers. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to report the preparation of FeNbO4/ reduced graphene oxide composites photocatalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100781
JournalMaterialia
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Band gap
  • Composites
  • FeNbO4/rGo
  • Photocatalyst
  • Recombination
  • Visible light irradiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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