Type 2 Diabetes with Artificial Intelligence Machine Learning: Methods and Evaluation

Leila Ismail, Huned Materwala, Maryam Tayefi, Phuong Ngo, Achim P. Karduck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Diabetes, one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide, is associated with the interaction between lifestyle, psychosocial, medical conditions, demographic, and genetic risk factors. Predicting type 2 diabetes is important for providing prognosis or diagnosis support to allied health professionals, and aiding in the development of an efficient and effective prevention plan. Several works proposed machine-learning algorithms to predict type 2 diabetes. However, each work uses different datasets and evaluation metrics for algorithms’ evaluation, making it difficult to compare among them. In this paper, we provide a taxonomy of diabetes risk factors and evaluate 35 different machine learning algorithms (with and without features selection) for diabetes type 2 prediction using a unified setup, to achieve an objective comparison. We use 3 real-life diabetes datasets and 9 feature selection algorithms for the evaluation. We compare the accuracy, F-measure, and execution time for model building and validation of the algorithms under study on diabetic and non-diabetic individuals. The performance analysis of the models is elaborated in the article.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-333
Number of pages21
JournalArchives of Computational Methods in Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Diabetes mellitus type 2
  • Diagnosis
  • Machine learning
  • Prognosis
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Type 2 Diabetes with Artificial Intelligence Machine Learning: Methods and Evaluation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this