Top-down knowledge hiding and innovative work behavior (IWB): a three-way moderated-mediation analysis of self-efficacy and local/foreign status

Ghulam Ali Arain, Zeeshan Ahmed Bhatti, Imran Hameed, Yu Hui Fang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This paper aims to examine the consequences for innovative work behavior (IWB) of top-down knowledge hiding – that is, supervisors’ knowledge hiding from supervisees (SKHS). Drawing on social learning theory, the authors test the three-way moderated-mediation model in which the direct effect of SKHS on IWB is first mediated by self-efficacy and then further moderated by supervisor and supervisee nationality (locals versus foreigners). Design/methodology/approach: The authors collected multi-sourced data from 446 matched supervisor-supervisee pairs working in a diverse range of organizations operating in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. After initial data screening, confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to test for the factorial validity of the used measures with AMOS. The hypothesized relationships were tested in regression analysis with SPSS. Findings: Results showed that SKHS had both direct and mediation effects, via the self-efficacy mediator, on supervisee IWB. The mediation effect was further moderated by supervisor and supervisee nationality (local versus foreigners), which highlighted that the effect was stronger for supervisor–supervisee pairs that were local-local or foreigner-foreigner than for pairs that were local-foreigner or foreigner-local. Originality/value: This study contributes to both knowledge hiding and IWB literature and discusses the useful theoretical and practical implications of the findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-149
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Knowledge Management
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 12 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Innovative work behavior
  • Knowledge hiding
  • Local and foreign workers
  • Moderated mediation
  • Self efficacy
  • The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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