TNF-α receptor 1 deficiency reduces antigen-presenting capacity of Schwann cells and ameliorates experimental autoimmune neuritis in mice

Xi Jing Mao, Xing Mei Zhang, Hong Liang Zhang, Hernan Concha Quezada, Eilhard Mix, Xin Yang, Bengt Winblad, Abdu Adem, Jie Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is a pleiotropic pro-inflammatory cytokine with potentially neurodestructive effects and plays a pivotal role in autoimmune demyelinating disease. To address the role of TNF-α in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN), the current study investigated the antigen-presenting capacity of Schwann cells (SCs) in EAN induced by P0 protein peptide 106-125 in TNF-α recepter 1 deficient (TNFR1-/-) mice. The antigen-presenting capacity of SCs was assessed by the expression of MHC class II (MHCII), CD40, CD80 and CD86 molecules on activated SCs as well as by induction of T cell proliferation in co-cultures of P0 protein peptide 106-125 specific T cells with activated SCs. In addition, the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) was measured in activated SCs by flow cytometry. TNFR1-/- EAN mice developed significantly delayed and reduced clinical signs of EAN compared to wild type EAN mice. In parallel, the expression of MHCII, CD80 and iNOS on SCs were decreased in TNFR1-/- mice compared to wild type mice. Likewise, proliferation of P0 protein peptide 106-125 specific T cells simulated by activated SCs of TNFR1-/- EAN mice was lower than that of wild type EAN mice. Our data suggest that TNF-α may exert pro-inflammatory effects in EAN via TNFR1 by up-regulating the antigen-presenting function and iNOS production of SCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-23
Number of pages5
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume470
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 5 2010

Keywords

  • Antigen presentation
  • EAN
  • Schwann cell
  • TNF-α
  • iNOS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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