Thyroid function abnormalities and antithyroid antibody prevalence in pregnant women at high risk for gestational diabetes mellitus

Mukesh Agarwal, Gurdeep Dhatt, John Punnose, Bassam Bishawi, Reem Zayed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Both gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and thyroid dysfunction in pregnancy compromise maternal and fetal health. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of abnormal thyroid function and antithyroid antibodies during early pregnancy in a population at high risk for GDM. Serum free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) were measured in 301 pregnant women who underwent routine 'universal screening' for GDM. The antithyroid peroxidase antibody (antiTPOAb) was also quantified in 255 of these women. GDM was confirmed by a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test using World Health Organization criteria. No statistically significant difference was found between the 80 (26.6%) women with GDM and the 221 (73.4%) women without GDM for any of the thyroid function tests. In the cohort tested for antiTPOAb, the 51 (20.0%) women who were positive for antiTPOAb had higher mean TSH (1.57 ± 2.49 mIU/l; p < 0.001) than the women negative for antiTPOAb. Seventeen (5.6%) women had low FT4 while 12 (4.0%) women had high TSH; 28 (9.3%) women had low serum TSH, among whom three (1.0%) also had high FT4. The significantly higher prevalence of hypothyroxinemia and antiTPOAb titers than generally reported warrants routine screening for thyroid abnormalities. This screening, which can be effectively and easily incorporated into screening practices already in place for GDM, would result in improved obstetric care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-266
Number of pages6
JournalGynecological Endocrinology
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gestational diabetes mellitus
  • Screening
  • Thyroid antibodies
  • Thyroid function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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