Over the years, strong evidence have been accumulated in favor of the beneficial effects of camel milk on glucose homeostasis with significant anti-diabetic properties in both human and animal diabetic models. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in such effects remain not understood. In this review, we speculated about the potential mechanisms and summarized few mechanistic-based studies that investigated the biological activity of camel milk and its protein components on the different aspects that may be involved in the anti-diabetic effects. A special emphasis is given to the molecular events engaged by camel milk proteins/peptides on two key aspects: insulin secretion and insulin receptor activity. Thus, the review gives a molecular rationale to the anti-diabetic effects of camel milk. This will help to identify the anti-diabetic agent(s) contained in camel milk and to understand better its mechanism of action in order to use it for the management of diabetes mellitus.
- Camel milk
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism