The Impact of NaCl Substitution with KCl on Proteinase Activities Cell-Free Extract and Cell-Free Supernatant at Different pH Levels and Salt Concentrations: Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus

M. M. Ayyash, F. Sherkat, N. P. Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of NaCl substitution with KCl at different pH levels (6.0, 5.5, and 5.0) and salt concentrations on proteinase activities of cell-free and supernatant of Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus 11824 (L. bulgaricus) and Streptococcus thermophilus MS (ST) was investigated. MRS broths were separately mixed with 4 salt treatments (NaCl only, 1NaCl:1KCl, 1NaCl:3KCl, and KCl only) at 2 different concentrations (5% and 10%) and incubated at 37 °C for 22 h. The cell pellets were used to prepare proteinase of cell-free extract and the cell-free supernatants were used as source of extracellular proteinases. The proteolytic activities and protein contents of both fractions were determined. The supernatants after incubation of both fractions with 3 milk caseins (α-, β-, κ-casein) were subjected to angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitory (ACE-inhibitory) activity and proteolytic activity by ortho-phthalaldehyde (OPA) method. Significant differences were observed in ACE-inhibitory activities and proteolytic (OPA) between salt treatments of cell-free extract and cell-free supernatant of L. bulgaricus and S. thermophilus at same salt concentration and same pH level. There was a significant effect of pH level and salt treatments interaction on ACE-inhibitory activity, OPA activity and azocasein activity. Practical Application: To reduce sodium concentration in cheese by substituting of NaCl with KCl, it was important to study the effect on starter culture proteinases which play a vital role in ripening and texture profile of cheese.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)M490-M498
JournalJournal of Food Science
Volume77
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • KCl
  • L. delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus
  • NaCl
  • S. thermophilus
  • Salt substitution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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