The glycaemic index of dates and date/yoghurt mixed meals. Are dates 'the candy that grows on trees'?

C. J. Miller, E. V. Dunn, I. B. Hashim

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    83 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective: To determine the glycaemic index of one variety of date, alone and in mixed meals with plain full-milk yoghurt. Design: An experimental study involving the measurement of the glycaemic responses of participants to the ingestion of dates, alone and with yoghurt. Setting: Within the Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, UAE University Subjects: Healthy male and female volunteers aged 32-67 y. Intervention: Glycaemic responses to date and date/yoghurt meal ingestion were plotted for each subject. Glycaemic indexes were calculated as the ratios of the incremental areas under these response curves to those for glucose ingestion. Results are presented using means and standard deviations. Glycaemic indexes were compared using paired t-tests. Results: Mean glycaemic indexes of the dates were 47.2, 45.3, 35.5, 37.3, 28.9 for rutab, traditionally stored, commercial, rutab/yoghurt and commercial tamer/yoghurt preparations, respectively. There was a significant difference between the results for rutab vs commercial tamer dates (P < 0.05), but other comparisons failed to reach statistical significance. Conclusions: Khalas dates, when eaten alone or in mixed meals with plain yoghurt have low glycaemic indexes. The consumption of dates may be of benefit in glycaemic and lipid control of diabetic patients. The consumption of dates in mixed meals with yoghurt appears to have, at most, a minimal effect on the glycaemic index.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)427-430
    Number of pages4
    JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
    Volume57
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2003

    Keywords

    • Dates
    • Glycaemic index
    • Mixed meal
    • Yoghurt

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine (miscellaneous)
    • Nutrition and Dietetics

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