The ecology of Al-Samaliah Island, U.A.E.

M. A. Zahran, F. M. Al-Ansari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A1-Samaliah Island is one of the inshore islands of U.A.E. located at about 12 km north-east of Abu Dhabi in the Arabian Gulf. It has a flat undulating surface with neither sand dunes nor rocky hills. Its sandy soil is generally salt-affected with variable percentages of salts. The vegetation of A1-Samaliah Island is essentially halophytic and may be categorized as: seagrasses, mangal and littoral saltmarsh types. The main species include: Cymodocea ciliata, Halophila spp. and Halodula univervis (seagrasses), some algae, Avicennia marina (mangrove), Arthrocnemum macrostachyum, Seidlitzia rosmarinus, and Suaeda vermiculata (salt marsh). Other halophytes commonly present are: Anabasis setifera, Halocnemum strobilaeum, Halopeplis perfoliata, Salsola imbricata and Zygophyllum qatarense in addition to two annuals: Schangenia aegyptiaca and Zygophyllum simplex. Phoenix dactylifera is cultivated in local areas covered with sandy sheets. Between the date palm trees there is a thin growth of Cyperus conglomeratus. Some plant species have been analysed chemically to determine their main constituents. The relationships between the environmental factors and the plant life of the islands are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-19
Number of pages9
JournalEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science
Volume49
Issue numberSUPPL. A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arid lands
  • Halophytes
  • Islands
  • Mangroves
  • Psammophytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science

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