Synthesis, biological assessment, and molecular modeling of racemic 7-aryl-9,10,11,12-tetrahydro-7H-benzo[7,8]chromeno[2,3-b]quinolin-8-amines as potential drugs for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease

Emna Maalej, Fakher Chabchoub, María Jesús Oset-Gasque, Mario Esquivias-Pérez, María P. González, Leticia Monjas, Concepción Pérez, Cristóbal De Los Ríos, María Isabel Rodríguez-Franco, Isabel Iriepa, Ignacio Moraleda, Mourad Chioua, Alejandro Romero, José Marco-Contelles, Abdelouahid Samadi

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62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The synthesis, pharmacological analysis and molecular modeling of the readily available racemic tacrine analogs 21-30, bearing the 7-aryl-9,10,11,12-tetrahydro-7H-benzo[7,8]chromeno[2,3-b]quinolin-8-amine heterocyclic ring system (II), prepared by Friedländer reaction of 2-amino-4-aryl-4H-benzo[h]chromene-3-carbonitriles (11-20) with cyclohexanone, are described in this paper. Molecules 21-30 are potent and selective inhibitors of hAChE, in the low micromolar range, one of the most potent inhibitors, 4-(8-amino-9,10,11,12-tetrahydro-7H-benzo[7,8]chromeno[2,3-b]quinolin-7-yl) -2-methoxyphenol (25), showing a IC50 (hAChE) = 0.33 ± 0.04 μM. Kinetic studies of compound 25 proved that this compound is a mixed type inhibitor for EeAChE (Ki = 81 nM). Accordingly, molecular modeling of inhibitor 25 showed that both enantiomers have two major predicted binding modes at the active and at the peripheral anionic sites of AChE. Inhibitor 25 has an excellent antioxidant profile as determined in the ORAC experiment (1.47 ± 0.10 Trolox equiv). Inhibitors 26-28 and 30 are permeable to BBB as determined in the PAMPA assay. Compared to tacrine, selected compounds 26-28 and 30 showed less hepatic toxicity in HepG2 cells. Moreover, cell viability-related studies in cortical neurons in primary cultures show that compounds 26-28 and 30 (0.1-50 μM) have significant neuroprotective effects against mitochondrial chain blockers-induced cell death, and, unlike tacrine, are not neurotoxic at concentrations lower than 50 μM. It is worth highlighting that compound 27 has the best neuroprotective properties out of all assayed compounds and shows no neurotoxicity. To sum up, these tacrine analogs can be considered as attractive multipotent therapeutic molecules on pharmacological receptors playing key roles in the progress of Alzheimer's disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)750-763
Number of pages14
JournalEuropean Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume54
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 7-Aryl-9,10,11,12-tetrahydro-7H-benzo[7,8]chromeno[2,3-b]quinolin-8-amines
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Antioxidant
  • Inhibition mechanism
  • Kinetic analysis
  • Molecular modeling
  • Neuroprotection
  • ORAC
  • Toxicity
  • hAChE
  • hBuChE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Organic Chemistry

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