Survival of poultry-derived Campylobacter jejuni of multilocus sequence type clonal complexes 21 and 45 under freeze, chill, oxidative, acid and heat stresses

Ihab Habib, Mieke Uyttendaele, Lieven De Zutter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The application of multilocus sequence typing (MLST) for studying Campylobacter jejuni diversity reveals that MLST clonal complex (CC) 21 and CC-45 occupies significant proportion in the diverse population of C. jejuni. These two complexes are ecologically abundant and represent an interesting subpopulation for studying C. jejuni survival under different stress conditions. In the present study we characterize and compare 19 C. jejuni strains assigned to CC-21 and CC-45, isolated from chicken meat, based on laboratory stress models maintained in Muller-Hinton broth. Model conditions were mimicking freeze, chill, oxidative, acid and heat stresses. Results show that survival patterns varied between the strains. C. jejuni strains of CC-21 survived significantly better than C. jejuni strains of CC-45 under heat (P value = 0.022) and chill (P value = 0.001) stress models. On the other hand, C. jejuni strains of CC-45 showed significantly better survival compared to C. jejuni strains of CC-21 in response to oxidative (P value = 0.003) and freeze (P value = 0.021) stress models. C. jejuni strains assigned to the founder ST-45 showed significantly better survival (P value = 0.017) under heat stress model compared to their ancestral sequence types. However, an association between survival fitness and the diversification of a clonal group cannot be demonstrated directly from the obtained results. In conclusion, findings of the present study show that genotypic variations of C. jejuni might play a role in enabling certain lineages to be selected when encountering adverse and stressful environments. In future stress response studies, it is recommended to consider the effect of genotypic diversity among C. jejuni strains as that might bias the experimental findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-834
Number of pages6
JournalFood Microbiology
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Campylobacter jejuni
  • Chicken meat
  • MLST
  • Stress response
  • Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology

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