10Be application to soil development on Marion Island, southern Indian Ocean

N. Haussmann, A. Aldahan, J. Boelhouwers, G. Possnert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Marion Island, located in the southern Indian Ocean, constitutes the summit of an active shield volcano. It is a small terrestrial environment where glacially abraded bedrock became exposed c × 10 kyr ago. These conditions provide an interesting possibility for the assessment of 10Be accumulation rates and their application to soil erosion studies on the island. 10Be concentrations were measured in precipitation, soil profiles and an Azorella selago cushion plant. The data reveal a 10Be precipitation flux several times higher than model prediction. Estimation of the 10Be accumulation based on the soil inventory suggests a span between 2000 and 7000 yr. This time span is not in accordance with the accepted notion that the island was covered with ice about 10,000 yr ago and suggests either removal of 10Be from the soil profile, an overestimated Holocene 10Be-flux or a delayed soil development history. Our results provide new data on 10Be concentrations from the sub-Antarctic islands and contribute towards enlarging the southern-hemisphere 10Be database.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1058-1061
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume268
Issue number7-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2010

Keywords

  • Azorella selago
  • Be
  • Sub-Antarctic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

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