Suicide rates in the national and expatriate population in Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Kanita Dervic, Leena Amiri, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Said Yousef, Mohamed O. Salem, Martin Voracek, Gernot Sonneck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Reports on suicide from the Gulf region are scarce. Dubai is a city with a large expatriate population. However, total and gender-specific suicide rates for the national and expatriate populations are not known. Aims: To investigate total and gender-specific suicide rates in the national and expatriate population in Dubai and to elicit socio-demographic characteristics of suicide victims. Methods: Registered suicides in Dubai from 2003 to 2009, and aggregated socio-demographic data of suicide victims were analysed. Suicide rates per 100,000 population were calculated. Results: Suicide rate among expatriates (6.3/100,000) was seven times higher than the rate among the nationals (0.9/100,000). In both groups, male suicide rate was more than three times higher than the female rate. Approximately three out of four expatriate suicides were committed by Indians. The majority of suicide victims were male, older than 30 years, expatriate, single and employed, with an education of secondary school level and below. Conclusion: Further research on risk factors for and protective factors against suicide, particularly among the expatriate population, is needed. Epidemiological monitoring of suicide trends at the national level and improvement of UAE suicide statistics would provide useful information for developing suicide prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)652-656
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Dubai
  • UAE
  • expatriates
  • nationals
  • suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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