Sufficiency of postprandial plasma levels of islet amyloid polypeptide for suppression of feeding in rats

Urban Arnelo, Roger Reidelberger, Thomas E. Adrian, Jörgen Larsson, Johan Permert

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our objective was to study whether islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) produces satiety by an endocrine mechanism. We used a rat model to determine whether postprandial plasma levels of IAPP are comparable to those required to inhibit feeding when IAPP is administered by continuous intravenous infusion. Food intake in rats with aortic catheters increased plasma IAPP levels from a fasting level of 10.8 ± 0.5 pM to a peak level of 19.0 ± 1.0 pM at 2.2 ± 0.5 h. In rats with jugular vein and aortic catheters, the threshold intravenous dose for IAPP suppression of feeding was between 1 and 3 pmol · kg-1 · min-1. The 3 pmol · kg-1 · min-1 dose decreased 4-h intake by ~25% by decreasing meal frequency rather than meal size. This dose increased plasma IAPP by ~24 pM. These results suggest that postprandial plasma levels of IAPP are not quite sufficient to independently produce satiety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R1537-R1542
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume275
Issue number5 44-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amylin
  • Appetite regulation
  • Meal patterns
  • Radioimmunoassay
  • Threshold dose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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