Subduction to post-collisional volcanism in the Northern Arabian-Nubian shield: Genesis of Cryogenian/Ediacaran intermediate-felsic magmas and the lifespan of a Neoproterozoic mature island arc

Ayman E. Maurice, Moustafa E. Gharib, Simon A. Wilde, Kamal A. Ali, Madiha S.M. Osman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Neoproterozoic intermediate-felsic volcanic rocks in the Wadi Ambagy area, Eastern Desert of Egypt, comprise three units: Dokhan intermediate-felsic volcanics, post-Dokhan felsic volcanics and felsites. The Dokhan lavas are generally porphyritic and composed of andesite and dacite with subordinate basalt, whereas the post-Dokhan felsic volcanics are represented by phyric and aphyric rhyolites. The medium-K calc-alkaline nature, LILE enrichment, Ta-Nb anomalies and LREE-enriched patterns of the Dokhan volcanic rocks are consistent with development in a subduction setting. Arc crustal thickness estimation using average (La/Yb)n is ~ 32 km, indicating that these rocks were generated in a Neoproterozoic island arc with thick crust. The subduction magmas were generated by hydrous mantle melting and they evolved by fractional crystallization. In contrast, the post-Dokhan felsic volcanics and felsites have medium- to high-K and shoshonitic affinities, respectively. They are highly silicic with weak to absent Ta-Nb anomalies and significant Nb, Zr, Hf and REE enrichment, which increases from the post-Dokhan felsic volcanics to the felsites. These geochemical features suggest generation in a post-collisional to within-plate tectonic setting by partial melting of mafic or intermediate arc crustal sources. SHRIMP U-Pb zircon dating indicates a crystallization age of ~ 660 Ma for the subduction-related Dokhan andesite and dacite, reflecting a magmatic arc lifespan longer than previously considered. The change of setting from subduction to post-collisional was accompanied by an increased role of crustal sources in the generation of the felsic magmas, resulting in differentiation of the accreted arc crust

Original languageEnglish
Article number106148
JournalPrecambrian Research
Volume358
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2021

Keywords

  • Dokhan volcanics
  • Eastern Desert of Egypt
  • Felsites
  • Mature island arc
  • Neoproterozoic
  • Subduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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