Stroop switching card test: brief screening of executive functions across the lifespan

Maroua Belghali, Yauhen Statsenko, Vasyl Laver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to: (1) propose a novel version of the Stroop switching test, namely the Stroop Switching Card Test (SSCT), to assess the overall efficiency of executive functions (EF) and its underlying cognitive processes (conflict resolution and conflict adaptation); (2) examine the utility of the SSCT in the assessment of EF in different age groups (age range 15-75 years), compare its results with standard neuropsychological tests (SNT), and (3) examine the contribution of both the processing speed and cognitive reserve on the performance of all used tests. The SSCT showed more sensitivity to detect subtle executive dysfunction in the middle age (~50 years). Going further, the SSCT revealed a progressive decline in conflict adaptation over two life periods. The first period of decline started at ~50 years and the second at~ 65 years. The processing speed and cognitive reserve had a prominent role in our results, notably in SSCT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-33
Number of pages20
JournalAging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Stroop Switching Test
  • aging
  • conflict adaptation
  • conflict resolution
  • executive functions
  • processing speed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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