Stratigraphic correlation of the Late Cretaceous Simsima Formation United Arab Emirates and Akveren Formation, northwest Turkey

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Abstract

Latest Cretaceous (Campanian-Maastrichtian) microfossils are used to correlate the carbonate rocks of the Simsima Formation in the northeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula (Northern Oman Mountains, United Arab Emirates and Oman) with the Akveren Formation in Kandira (northwest Turkey, near Black Sea region). Both formations have characteristically rich planktonic foraminiferal and calcareous nannofossil faunal assemblages that permit the recognition of the Globotruncanella havanensis Zone and Quadrum sissinghii Zone CC22. The palaeontological data is used to build an appropriate palaeoenvironmental model for the latest Cretaceous Aruma Group in the Oman Mountains foreland basin. The study reveals that the Late Cretaceous formations of UAE and Turkey can be divided into an open marine carbonate shelf facies (planktonic foraminifera/calcareous nannofossil biomicrite) and a shallow-marine carbonate facies (rudistids, coralline algal foraminiferal biomicrite).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)296-306
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of African Earth Sciences
Volume111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2015

Keywords

  • Biostratigraphy
  • Calcareous nannofossils
  • Campanian-Maastrichtian boundary
  • Northern Oman Mountains and NW Turkey
  • Planktonic foraminifera

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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