Solar Activity of the Past 100 Years Inferred From 10Be in Ice Cores—Implications for Long-Term Solar Activity Reconstructions

Minjie Zheng, Florian Adolphi, Jesper Sjolte, Ala Aldahan, Göran Possnert, Mousong Wu, Peng Chen, Raimund Muscheler

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Differences between 10Be records from Greenland and Antarctica over the last 100 years have led to different conclusions about past changes in solar activity. The reasons for this disagreement remain unresolved. We analyze a seasonally resolved 10Be record from a firn core (North Greenland Eemian Ice Drilling [NEEM] ice core project) in Northwestern Greenland for 1887–2002. By comparing the NEEM data to 10Be data from the NGRIP and Dye3 ice cores, we find that the Dye3 data after 1958 are significantly lower. These low values lead to a normalization problem in solar reconstructions when connecting 10Be variations to modern observations. Excluding these data strongly reduces the differences between solar reconstructions over the last 2,000 years based on Greenland and Antarctic 10Be data. Furthermore, 10Be records from polar regions and group sunspot numbers do not support a substantial increase in solar activity for the 1937–1950 period as proposed by previous extensions of the neutron monitor data.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2020GL090896
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 28 2021

Keywords

  • Dye3
  • NEEM
  • ice core
  • neutron monitor data
  • seasonally resolved Be
  • solar reconstructions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Solar Activity of the Past 100 Years Inferred From 10Be in Ice Cores—Implications for Long-Term Solar Activity Reconstructions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this