Role of defects and dopants in zinc oxide nanotubes for gas sensing and energy storage applications

Muhammad Ali, Nacir Tit, Zain H. Yamani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Spin-polarized density functional theory (DFT) is employed to study the adsorption of H2 gas molecules on zinc oxide nanotubes (ZnO-NTs) with intrinsic defects (oxygen and zinc vacancies) and dopants (Pd and Pt). Results indicate that defects lead to a strong chemisorption process, associated with strong splitting of the H2 molecule, rendering an irreversible process; that is, desorption is not possible. Such strong chemisorption process results in large adsorption energy and charge transfer between the defective-ZnO-NTs and H2 molecules. On the other hand, a weaker chemisorption process, associated with weak splitting of H2 molecule, takes place in the case of Pd or Pt dopants. The chemisorption of H2 on defective sites and dopants changes the energy gap to a large extent, resulting in major changes in the electrical conductivity of the ZnO-NTs and consequently revealing their relevance for gas sensing applications with an enhancement of sensor response. From a different perspective, Pd ought to be a good dopant for ZnO-NT based hydrogen storage material as it weakens the adsorption strength between H2 and ZnO-NT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10926-10936
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Volume44
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 25 2020

Keywords

  • adsorption
  • chemisorption
  • density functional theory
  • energy storage
  • gas sensing
  • H molecules
  • physisorption
  • ZnO nanotube

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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