Retrospective longitudinal study on canine and feline parvovirus infections in Al Ain, United Arab Emirates

Shamma Abdulla Al Eissaee, Khaja Mohteshamuddin, Zaib Mahel, Gobena Ameni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: There is a lack of epidemiological data on parvovirus infections in cats and dogs in the Al Ain, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Objective: To conduct retrospective longitudinal study on parvovirus infections in cats and dogs treated at the Claws and Paws Veterinary Clinic in Al Ain, UAE. Methods: Data on clinical examination and laboratory tests were extracted in March 2020 retrospectively from case records of cats and dogs treated at Paws & Cl aws Veterinary Clinic in Al Ain between February 2019 to March 2020. Results: Of the total 2247 cases of small animals treated at Claws and Paws clinic for different health problems between February 2019 and March 2020, 68 were parvovirus infection cases constituting 3% (95% confidence interval, CI: 2.3%, 3.8%) of the total small animal cases treated at the Clinic during the indicated time. Seventy-two percent of the parvovirus cases were feline parvovirus (FPV) cases (feline panleukopenia) while the remaining 28% of the cases were canine parvovirus (CPV) cases. The difference in the proportions of CPV and FPV was significant (χ2 = 26.14; p<0.001). Overall, the number of cases was low during most months of the year; but increased in November and December 2019 reaching its peak in January 2020 after which it declined. Significant (Cochran’s Q test = 141.54; p<0.001) difference was observed in the proportions of animals exhibited different clinical signs. Conclusion: This study indicated the endemicity of CPV and FPV infections in Al Ain. Additionally, increase in number of cases was observed between November January, suggesting seasonality of the epidemics requiring for vaccination prior to the epidemic period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-767
Number of pages6
JournalEmirates Journal of Food and Agriculture
Volume32
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Canine parvovirus
  • Feline panleukopenia
  • United Arab Emirates
  • clinical data
  • epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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