Responses to dehydration in the one-humped camel and effects of blocking the renin-angiotensin system

Mahmoud Alhaj Ali, Abdu Adem, Irwin S. Chandranath, Sheela Benedict, Javed Y. Pathan, Nicolas Nagelkerke, Fred Nyberg, Lynley K. Lewis, Tim G. Yandle, Gary M. Nicholls, Chris M. Frampton, Elsadig Kazzam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our objectives were to compare the levels of circulating electrolytes, hormones, and renal function during 20 days of dehydration in camels versus the level in non-dehydrated camels and to record the effect of blocking angiotensin II AT1 receptors with losartan during dehydration. Dehydration induced significant increments in serum sodium, creatinine, urea, a substantial fall in body weight, and a doubling in plasma arginine vasopressin (AVP) levels. Plasma aldosterone, however, was unaltered compared with time-matched controls. Losartan significantly enhanced the effect of dehydration to reduce body weight and increase serum levels of creatinine and urea, whilst also impairing the rise in plasma AVP and reducing aldosterone levels. We conclude that dehydration in the camel induces substantial increments in serum sodium, creatinine, urea and AVP levels; that aldosterone levels are altered little by dehydration; that blockade of angiotensin II type 1 receptors enhances the dehydration-induced fall in body weight and increase in serum creatinine and urea levels whilst reducing aldosterone and attenuating the rise in plasma AVP.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere37299
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 18 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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