Reproducibility of plasma alkylresorcinols during a 6-Week rye intervention study in men with prostate cancer

Rikard Landberg, Afaf Kamal-Eldin, Swen Olof Andersson, Jan Erik Johansson, Jie Xian Zhang, Goran Hallmans, Per Åman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alkylresorcinols (AR), phenolic lipids exclusively present in the outer parts of wheat and rye grains, have been proposed as concentration biomarkers of whole-grain wheat and rye intake. A key feature of a good biomarker is high reproducibility, which indicates how accurately a single sample reflects the true mean biomarker concentration caused by a certain intake. In this study, the short- to medium-term reproducibility of plasma AR was determined using samples from a crossover intervention study, where men with prostate cancer (n = 17) were fed rye whole-grain/bran or refined wheat products for 6-wk periods. AR homologs C17:0 and C21:0 differed between the treatments (P< 0.001). The reproducibility determined by the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was high (intervention period 1: ICC = 0.90 [95% CI = 0.82-0.98], intervention period 2: ICC = 0.88 [95% CI = 0.78-0.98]). The results showthat a single fasting plasma sample could be used to estimate the mean plasma AR concentration during a 6-wk intervention period with constant intake at a precision of ±20% (80% CI). This suggests that the plasma AR concentration can be used as a reliable short- to medium-term biomarker for whole-grain wheat and rye under intervention conditions where intake is kept constant.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)975-980
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume139
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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