Relationship between geological structures and groundwater flow and groundwater salinity in Al Jaaw Plain, United Arab Emirates; mapping and analysis by means of remote sensing and GIS

Samy Ismail Elmahdy, Mohamed Mostafa Mohamed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Geological structures can be of great influence groundwater movement and accumulation in the surface and subsurface, and should therefore be taken into consideration in studies related to groundwater contamination impact. This study attempts to investigate the influence of geological structures on groundwater flow and groundwater salinity in Al Jaaw Plain, United Arab Emirates. A set of thematic maps derived from digital elevation model (DEM), LANDSAT, and Spaceborn Imagine Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar were enhanced by applying Soble filter with 10 % threshold and equalization enhancement to reveal and map geological structures crosscut the entire region. Drainage pattern was derived from DEM automatically using D8 algorithm. The algorithm determines in which neighboring pixel any water in a central pixel will flow naturally. The trends of geological structures and drainage pattern extracted from remote sensing data were correlated with the spatial variation of hydraulic head, thickness aquifer, and groundwater salinity in the region. The results of the study reveal that the wadi courses, thickness of the aquifer, and topography are structural controlled by NNW-SSE, NE-SW, and ENE-WSW trending fault zones, significantly influencing the groundwater flow and groundwater contamination in Al Jaaw Plain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1249-1259
Number of pages11
JournalArabian Journal of Geosciences
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • Al Ain
  • Al Jaaw Plain
  • GIS
  • Groundwater
  • Remote sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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