Quest for the piroplasms in camels: Identification of Theileria equi and Babesia caballi in Jordanian dromedaries by PCR

Moneeb Ahmad Qablan, Michal Sloboda, Milan Jirků, Miroslav Oborník, Samir Dwairi, Zuhair Sami Amr, Petr Hořín, Julius Lukeš, David Modrý

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

DNA of two species of piroplasmids was detected in dromedaries during a survey of blood protozoans in Jordan between 2007 and 2009. Ten clinically healthy camels (10%) originating from three Jordanian districts were found, using a PCR assay, to harbor Theileria or Babesia species in their blood and no mix infection was determined. Analysis of the partial 18S rRNA gene sequences of these parasites allowed their unambiguous identification as equine piroplasmids Babesia caballi (n= 6) and Theileria equi (n= 4). In case of latter species, a novel genotype was found in horses. This first molecular-based species determination of piroplasmids from camels further contributes to the growing evidence of low host specificity of piroplasmids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-460
Number of pages5
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume186
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 25 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Babesia
  • Camelus
  • Diagnosis
  • Host specificity
  • Jordan
  • Theileria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)

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