Pseudomonas fluorescens enhances biomass yield and ajmalicine production in Catharanthus roseus under water deficit stress

C. Abdul Jaleel, P. Manivannan, B. Sankar, A. Kishorekumar, R. Gopi, R. Somasundaram, R. Panneerselvam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

159 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) like Pseudomonas fluorescens on growth parameters and the production of ajmalicine were investigated in Catharanthus roseus under drought stress. The plants under pot culture were subjected to 10, 15 and 20 days interval drought (DID) stress and drought stress with Pseudomonas fluorescens at 1 mg l-1 and 1 mg l-1 Pseudomonas fluorescens alone from 30 days after planting (DAP) and regular irrigation was kept as control. The plants were uprooted on 41 DAS (10 DID), 46 DAS (15 DID) and 51 DAS (20 DID). Drought stress decreased the growth parameters and increased the ajmalicine content. But the treatment with Pseudomonas fluorescens enhanced the growth parameters under drought stress and partially ameliorated the drought induced growth inhibition by increasing the fresh and dry weights significantly. The ajmalicine content was again increased due to Pseudomonas fluorescens treatment to the drought stressed plants. From the results of this investigation, it can be concluded that, the seedling treatments of native PGPRs can be used as a good tool in the enhancement of biomass yield and alkaloid contents in medicinal plants, as it provides an eco-friendly approach and can be used as an agent in water deficit stress amelioration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-11
Number of pages5
JournalColloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ajmalicine
  • Catharanthus roseus
  • Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR)
  • Pseudomonas fluorescens
  • Seed priming
  • Water deficit stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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