Power quality impacts of high-penetration electric vehicle stations and renewable energy-based generators on power distribution systems

Masoud Farhoodnea, Azah Mohamed, Hussain Shareef, Hadi Zayandehroodi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High-penetration renewable energy-based generators (REGs) in distribution systems have increased the importance of impact assessment involving these systems. This assessment focuses on power quality (PQ) and compatibility between REGs and existing system components. Electric vehicle (EV) technology has also recently achieved a substantial market share. This technology requires the development of charging stations similar to current petroleum fuelling stations in the near future. Thus, the effect of EV stations (EVSs) on PQ must also be considered. This study presents a PQ analysis on the effects of high-penetration EVS and REG systems, including wind turbines, grid-connected photovoltaics (PVs), and fuel cell (FC) power generation units on a modified 16-bus distribution system under different loading and weather conditions. All data on EVS, wind farm, PV, and FC units as well as weather conditions presented in this paper were collected from different power companies and the Malaysian Meteorological Department. The system is modelled and simulated using the MATLAB/Simulink software to study the effects of these technologies on system performances at various penetration levels. Simulation results indicated that the presence of high-penetration EVSs and REGs can cause severe PQ problems such as frequency and voltage fluctuations, voltage drop, harmonic distortion and power factor reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2423-2434
Number of pages12
JournalMeasurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Volume46
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electric vehicle stations
  • Fuel cell
  • Photovoltaic
  • Power quality
  • Renewable energy
  • Renewable energy generator
  • Wind farm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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