PLASMA NEUROTENSIN IN TERM AND PRETERM NEONATES

A. LUCAS, A. AYNSLEY‐GREEN, A. M. BLACKBURN, T. E. ADRIAN, S. R. BLOOM

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract. Lucas A.1, Aynsley‐Green, A.1, Blackburn, A. M.2, Adrian, T. E.2 and Bloom, S. R.2 (1University Department of Paediatrics, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, and 2Hammersmith Hospital, London, England). Plasma neurotensin in term and preterm neonates. Acta Paediatr Scand, 70:201, 1981. –The new ileal peptide neurotensin has not been studied hitherto in the human neonate. Plasma concentrations of neurotensin were measured by radioimmunoassay in 276 healthy term or preterm infants either at birth or pre‐ or post‐prandially during the neonatal period. In addition, a group of 10 6‐day‐old preterm infants were studied who had never been enterally fed on account of hyaline membrane disease. Plasma neurotensin values were obtained also in 12 healthy fasting adults. Term infants had higher plasma neurotensin concentrations than preterm infants at birth. Both groups showed a significant postnatal surge in basal (pre‐prandial) neurotensin concentrations exceeding adult values, but no postnatal neurotensin elevation was found in the unfed group. In preterm infants, who were studied further into the neonatal period than term infants, there was a progressive increase in the rise of neurotensin following a milk feed, with a massive neurotensin response by 24 days of age. In 6‐day‐old term infants, the neurotensin response to bottle feeding was significantly greater than to breast feeding. These findings add further weight to the concept that neurotensin may be of physiological importance as a gut hormone. The high neurotensin levels and large feed responses seen in neonates may indicate a unique role for neurotensin in early life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-206
Number of pages6
JournalActa Pædiatrica
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1981
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Plasma neurotensin
  • infant feeding.
  • neonate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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