Background. Previous work has demonstrated that intestinal ischemia increases plasma amylin concentration. This study examined the relationship between the degree of intestinal ischemia injury and plasma amylin in an experimental rat model. Methods. Wistar rats were divided into a control group (n = 6); a sham-operated group (n = 9); and 3 intestinal ischemia-reperfusion groups (n = 8 in each), which underwent clamping of the superior mesenteric artery for either 15, 30, or 45 minutes followed by 15 minutes of reperfusion. Samples were then collected for intestinal histology and measurement of amylin, insulin, and glucose. Results. There was a positive correlation between the histologic score of the intestinal injury and the measured plasma amylin concentration (R = 0.48, P =. 007). The median plasma concentration of amylin was 62 pmol/L (range, 42-97 pmol/L) in the 30-minute intestinal ischemia group and 58 pmol/L (42-86 pmol/L) in the 45-minute intestinal ischemia group. Both these groups were increased compared with the sham-operated group (29 pmol/L; range, 22-57 pmol/L; P <. 001 and P <. 005, respectively) and the control group (28 pmol/L; range, 26-42 pmol/L; P < . 001 and P < . 0005, respectively). The median plasma concentration of insulin in the 30-minute intestinal ischemia group was 4230 pmol/L (range, 1360-5770 pmol/L), which was increased compared with both the control group (950 pmol/L; range, 550-1510 pmol/L; P < .005) and the sham-operated group (720 pmol/L; range, 280-4180 pmol/L; P < .005). There were no differences between any of the other groups either for glucose, insulin, or amylin. Conclusions. Plasma amylin concentration is related to the severity of intestinal ischemic injury.
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