Physiological and biochemical responses of transgenic potato plants with altered expression of PSII manganese stabilizing protein

Mayank Anand Gururani, Chandrama Prakash Upadhyaya, Reto J. Strasser, Yu Jae Woong, Se Won Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Manganese-stabilizing protein (MSP) represents a key component of the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC). Transgenic potato plants with both enhanced (sense) and reduced (anti-sense) MSP expression levels were generated to investigate the possible physiological role of MSP in overall plant growth, particularly in tuber development. MSP antisense plants exhibited both higher tuberization frequency and higher tuber yield with increased total soluble carbohydrates. The photosynthetic efficiencies of the plants were examined using the OJIP kinetics; MSP-antisense plants were photosynthetically more active than the MSP-sense and UT (untransformed) control plants. The oxygen measurements indicated that the relative oxygen evolution was directly proportional to the MSP expression, as MSP-antisense plants showed much lower oxygen evolution compared to MSP-sense as well as UT plants. MSP-sense plants behaved like the UT plants with respect to morphology, tuber yield, and photosynthetic performance. Chlorophyll . a fluorescence analyses indicate a possible lack of intact Oxygen Evolving Complexes (OECs) in MSP antisense plants, which allow access to internal non-water electron donors (e.g., ascorbate and proline) and consequently increase the Photosystem II (PSII) activity of those plants. These findings further indicate that this altered photosynthetic machinery may be associated with early tuberization and increased tuberization frequency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-194
Number of pages13
JournalPlant Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume58
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Oxygen evolving complex
  • Photosystem II
  • Solanum tuberosum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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