Phylogeny and Morphological Variability of Trypanosomes from African Pelomedusid Turtles with Redescription of Trypanosoma mocambicum Pienaar, 1962

Nela Dvořáková, Ivan Čepička, Moneeb A. Qablan, Wendy Gibson, Radim Blažek, Pavel Široký

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Little is known about host specificity, genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships of African turtle trypanosomes. Using PCR targeting the SSU rRNA gene, we detected trypanosomes in 24 of 134 (17.9%) wild caught African pelomedusid turtles: Pelusios upembae (n = 14), P. bechuanicus (n = 1), P. rhodesianus (n = 3) and P. subniger (n = 6). Mixed infection of Trypanosoma species was confirmed by PCR in three specimens of P. upembae, and in one specimen each of P. bechuanicus, P. rhodesianus, and P. subniger. Microscopic examination of stained blood smears revealed two distinct forms (broad and slender) of trypomastigotes. The broad form coincided in morphology with T. mocambicum Pienaar, 1962. Accordingly, we have designated this form as the neotype of T. mocambicum. In phylogenetic analysis of the SSU rRNA gene, all the new turtle trypanosome sequences grouped in a single clade within the strongly supported "aquatic" clade of Trypanosoma species. The turtle trypanosome clade was further subdivided into two subclades, which did not correlate with host turtle species or trypanosome morphology. This study provides the first sequence data of Trypanosoma species isolated from freshwater turtles from tropical Africa and extends knowledge on diversity of trypanosomes in the Afrotropical zoogeographical realm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)599-608
Number of pages10
JournalProtist
Volume166
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Pelusios
  • Phylogeny
  • Polymorphism
  • SSU rRNA gene
  • Trypanosoma
  • Turtle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology

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