Parametric study on the combined thermal and hydraulic performance of single phase micro pin-fin heat sinks part I: Square and circle geometries

T. J. John, B. Mathew, H. Hegab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper is the first part of a three paper series studying the overall performance of a micro pin-fin heat sink with single phase liquid flow and different pin-fin geometries operating under and similar conditions. Two different heat sinks, one with square shaped pin-fins and the other with circular pin-fins are selected for study in this paper. The paper focuses on studying the effect of thermal resistance and pressure drop of micro heat sinks when subjected to various factors such as pitch distance in axial and transverse directions, aspect ratio of the pin-fin, hydraulic diameters of the pin-fin, and the liquid flow rate through the device. A figure of merit (FOM) involving both the thermal resistance and pressure drop across the heat sink is introduced in the paper and the performance is evaluated on the basis of this FOM. The heat sinks are subjected to uniform heat flux at the bottom of the heat sink and the characteristic study is based on constant Reynolds number of liquid flow at the entrance of the channel. Water is used as the fluid in this study. The study is conducted over the Reynolds number range of 50-500. The characteristic study is carried out with the help of simulations developed using commercially available computational fluid dynamics software CoventorWare™. The characteristic study carried out in this paper is divided into four cases. In the first case the axial pitch distance is varied between 350 μm and 650 μm by keeping the aspect ratio of the pin-fin structure constant at 0.5. For the second case the transverse pitch distance is varied between 150 μm and 300 μm and the aspect ratio is kept the same as in the first case. Third case studies the effect of varying the aspect ratio (between 0.33 and 1) of the pin-fin structures by keeping both pitches constant. Case four studies the variation in the performance of the heat sink with the change in the hydraulic diameter of the pin-fins. The study conducted in this paper reveals the importance of considering the pressure drop along with the thermal resistance in evaluating the overall performance of the micro pin-fin heat sink. At low Reynolds number (below 300) the heat sinks with circular pin-fins shows better performance compared with heat sinks with square pin-fins and vice versa at high Reynolds number (above 300). FOM varies considerably with the change in the parameters like axial pitch distance, transverse pitch distance, aspect ratio and hydraulic diameter of the pin-fins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2177-2190
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Thermal Sciences
Volume49
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electronic cooling
  • Heat sink
  • Micro heat transfer
  • Micro pin-fin
  • Microchannel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Engineering(all)

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