Oxidative stress mediates drug-induced hepatotoxicity in rats: A possible role of DNA fragmentation

Amr Amin, Alaa A. Hamza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sodium diethyldithiocarbamate, diclofenac and ketoconazol are three important chemotherapeutic agents that are commonly associated with hepatotoxicity. This study was undertaken to provide a better understanding of the mechanism through which these drugs induce hepatotoxicity. Some of the possible mechanisms underlying such modulation were investigated. The hepatotoxic activity of sodium diethyldithiocarbamate (800 mg kg-1); diclofenac (200 mg kg-1) and ketoconazol (100 mg kg-1) were investigated in vivo through the assessment of liver functions, lipid peroxidation and histopathological examination. It was found that all drugs have induced severe hepatic damage as evidenced by the elevation serum aminotransferase activities and confirmed by histological changes of liver. In addition, the drug-induced hepatotoxicity was also associated with massive liver DNA fragmentation and an increase in lipid peroxidation. These results strongly suggest a positive correlation between hepatotoxicity and DNA fragmentation. Moreover, this study also implicates calcium as a potential mediator of the drug-induced oxidative stress associated with hepatotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-375
Number of pages9
JournalToxicology
Volume208
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 30 2005

Keywords

  • DNA fragmentation
  • Diclofenac
  • Diethldithiocarbamate
  • Free radicals
  • Hepatotoxicity
  • Intracellular calcium
  • Ketoconazol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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