On the Effect of Traffic and Road Conditions on the Drivers' Behavior: A Statistical Analysis

Abdalla Abdelrahman, Najah Abed Abu Ali, Hossam S. Hassanein

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In the last decade, naturalistic driving studies (NDSs) have given researchers an unprecedented way to study the behavior of drivers through the deployment of, and capturing the data from, on-board vehicle sensors and cameras. The ability to determine the dominant driving risk facto rs can play an essenti al role in shaping transportation policies and education programs for drivers. This paper presents a cohort study statistical analysis to determine the risks associated with traffic and road surface conditions, quanti fied in terms of crash and near crash events. Two risk quantification measures, odds ratio (OR) and relative risk (RR, are utilized to signify the associated risk. For this research we used the 100-CAR data set, with a total of 829 crash and near crash and 19616 baseline events, which are driving events captured randomly in normal driving episodes. In the 100-CAR data set, traffic density is divid ed into six levels according to the traffic flow con dition. Similarly, road su rface condition is divided into four categories. To quantify the statistical significance of the results, measures such as the p-value are employed. The results show that icy roads with level-of-service (LOS) A, wet roads with LOS D, and dry roads with LOS D have the highest risk for crashes and near crashes. These results are proven to be of statistical significance.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2018 14th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference, IWCMC 2018
    PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
    Pages892-897
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Print)9781538620700
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 28 2018
    Event14th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference, IWCMC 2018 - Limassol, Cyprus
    Duration: Jun 25 2018Jun 29 2018

    Other

    Other14th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference, IWCMC 2018
    Country/TerritoryCyprus
    CityLimassol
    Period6/25/186/29/18

    Keywords

    • data driven applications
    • driving behavior
    • driving risk management
    • intelligent transportation systems (ITS)
    • Naturalistic driving studies (NDSs)

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Computer Networks and Communications
    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
    • Control and Optimization

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