Oil price-inflation pass-through in the United States over 1871 to 2018: A wavelet coherency analysis

Aviral Kumar Tiwari, Juncal Cunado, Abdulnasser Hatemi-J, Rangan Gupta

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper analyzes the oil price-inflation pass-through by studying the relationship between oil prices and U.S. Consumer Price Index (CPI) over the period January 1871–June 2018, at different frequencies, using a wavelet coherency analysis. In this long period of time characterized by significant structural changes, which have changed the role of fossil fuel prices (specially, crude oil) relative to renewable and alternative fuels, our main results suggest that the relationship between oil prices and CPI has changed over the analyzed time period, implying a decrease in the oil price- inflation pass-through over time. Furthermore, this relationship also varies across frequencies, suggesting that the evidence of oil price-inflation pass-through with oil prices leading CPI is weaker in the short-run.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)51-55
    Number of pages5
    JournalStructural Change and Economic Dynamics
    Volume50
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

    Keywords

    • Consumer price index
    • Oil prices
    • Pass-through
    • Wavelet coherency

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics and Econometrics

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