Nutritional status of hospitalized acute stroke patients

Salah E. Gariballa, Stuart G. Parker, Nick Taub, Mark Castleden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nutritional status of 201 hospitalized stroke patients was assessed from anthropometric, haematological and biochemical data in an observational prospective study. On admission, sixty-two (31%) stroke patients had BMI < 20, ninety-nine (49%) had a triceps skinfolds thickness below the 25th centile, twenty-five (12%) had a mid-arm circumference below the 25th centile and thirty-eight (19%) had a serum albumin concentration below 35 g/l. Baseline nutritional status was worse among those who later died or remained in hospital compared with those discharged and most patients who remained in hospital showed marked and significant deterioration in all measures of nutritional status within 4 weeks of hospitalization. After adjusting for age, stroke severity and co-morbidity, low serum albumin concentrations of these patients in hospital were a strong and independent predictor of death following acute stroke (odds ratio 1.13 (95% CI 1.01-1.27) for 1 g/l lower serum albumin concentration).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)481-487
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume79
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hospital patients
  • Nutritional status
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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