Nutritional quality evaluation of eighteen date pit varieties

Hosam M. Habib, Wissam H. Ibrahim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The pits from date palm fruits (Phoenix dactylifera L.) are nutrient dense but the nutrient composition across varieties has not been extensively studied. In the present study, 18 leading varieties of date pits from date fruits cultivated in the United Arab Emirates (Khalas, Barhe, Lulu, Shikat alkahlas, Sokkery, Bomaan, Sagay, Shishi, Maghool, Sultana, Fard, Maktoomi, Naptit Saif, Jabri, Kodary, Dabbas, Raziz and Shabebe) were analyzed and compared for their chemical and physical properties. Dietary fiber, proximate analysis, micronutrients, and physical properties (weight, length, and density) were determined. Significant differences (P < 0.05) in the measured parameters were observed among the different varieties. The results show that date pits, depending on the variety, contain significant but quite variable amounts of macronutrients and micronutrients, but all varieties are excellent sources of dietary fiber and may therefore serve as important constituents of functional foods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-111
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
Volume60
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Date pits
  • Dietary fiber
  • Functional foods
  • Mineral content
  • Physical properties
  • Proximate analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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