Near-surface-mounted composite system for repair and strengthening of reinforced concrete columns subjected to axial load and biaxial bending

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper aims to examine the effectiveness of near-surface-mounted (NSM) glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP) composite rebars in combination with external confinement with carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite sheets to repair and strengthen reinforced concrete (RC) columns exposed to axial load and biaxial bending. Nine columns with a square cross section of 150 × 150 mm were constructed and tested under biaxial eccentric loading with equal eccentricity along each principal axis. Test parameters included load eccentricity, concrete grade, and level of the CFRP confinement used in combination with the NSM-GFRP reinforcement. The effectiveness of the NSM-GFRP reinforcement was greatly affected by the CFRP-confinement level and the load eccentricity. For columns with a high level of CFRP confinement, the gain in the load capacity attributable to the NSM-GFRP reinforcement was higher at a lower eccentricity. For columns with a low level of CFRP confinement, the gain in the load capacity attributable to the NSM-GFRP reinforcement was higher at a higher eccentricity. The enhancement in the load capacity was more pronounced in the columns with a lower concrete grade. An analytical model for predicting the load capacity of RC columns strengthened with NSM-GFRP rebars in combination with CFRP confinement under axial load and biaxial bending is introduced. The model accounts for the nonlinear behavior of materials and the change in geometry under biaxial eccentric loading. The model accuracy is demonstrated by comparing the model predictions with the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)602-614
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Composites for Construction
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

Keywords

  • Axial loads
  • Bending
  • Biaxial bending
  • Columns
  • Composite materials
  • Composites
  • Concrete columns
  • Near-surface mounted (NSM)
  • Rehabilitation
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Repair
  • Strengthening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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