Myocardial Ischemia Reperfusion Injury: Apoptotic, Inflammatory and Oxidative Stress Role of Galectin-3

Suhail Al-Salam, Satwat Hashmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: Myocardial reperfusion has the potential to salvage the ischemic myocardium after a period of coronary occlusion. Reperfusion, however, can cause a wide spectrum of deleterious effects. Galectin-3 (GAL-3), a beta galactoside binding lectin, is closely associated with myocardial infarction (MI), myocardial fibrosis and heart failure. In our study, we investigated its role in ischemia-reperfusion injuries (IR) as this phenomenon is extremely relevant to the early intervention after acute MI. Methods: C57B6/J wild type (WT) mice and GAL-3 knockout (KO) mice were used for murine model of IR injury in the heart where a period of 30 minutes ischemia was followed by 24 hours of reperfusion. Heart samples were processed for immunohistochemical and immunofluorescent labeling, morphometric analysis, western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to identify the apoptotic, inflammatory and oxidative stress role of GAL-3. Results: Our results show that there was a significant increase in GAL-3 levels in the heart which shows GAL-3 is playing a role in the ischemia reperfusion injury. Troponin I was also significantly higher in GAL-3-KO group than wild type. Our study shows that GAL-3 is associated with an increase in the antioxidant activity in the IR injured myocardium. Antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase, glutathione and catalase were found to be significantly raised in the GAL-3 wild type IR as compared to the GAL-3 KO IR group. A significant increase in apoptotic activity is seen in GAL-3 KO IR group as compared with GAL-3 wild IR group. Conclusion: Our study shows that GAL-3 can affect the redox pathways, controlling cell survival and death, and plays a protective role on the myocardium following IR injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1055-1067
Number of pages13
JournalCellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Volume50
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2018

Keywords

  • Galectin 3
  • Heart
  • Myocardial ischemia reperfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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