Modulation of stem cell progeny by probiotics during regeneration of gastric mucosal erosions

Farah Al-Yassir, Ghalia Khoder, Subi Sugathan, Prashanth Saseedharan, Asma Al Menhali, Sherif M. Karam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patients with gastric mucosal erosions are predisposed to chronic gastritis, ulcer or even can-cer. The repair of mucosal erosions involves several events including proliferation of gastric epithelial stem cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the probiotic mixture of De Simone Formulation on gastric epithelial stem cell lineages in mouse models of gastric mucosal erosions. Gastric erosions were induced by a single oral gavage of 80% ethanol containing 15 mg/mL acetylsalicylic acid (5 mL/kg) following a daily dose of probiotic mixture (5 mg/day/mouse) for 10 days. In another protocol, erosions were induced by a daily gavage of acetylsalicylic acid (400 mg/kg/day/mouse) for 5 days before or after daily administration of probiotic mixture for 5 days. Control mice received water gavage for 10 days. All mice were injected with bromodeoxyuridine two hours before sacrifice to label S-phase cells. The stomachs of all mice were processed for histological examination, lectin binding, and immunohistochemical analysis. The results reveal that mice that received probiotics before or after the induction of erosion showed a decrease in erosion index with an increase in gastric epithelial stem/progenitor cell proliferation and enhanced production of mucus, trefoil factors, and ghrelin by mucous and enteroendocrine cell lineages. These mice also showed restoration of the amount of H+,K+-ATPase and pepsinogen involved in the production of the harsh acidic environment by parietal and chief cell lineages. In conclusion, this study demonstrates the beneficial effects of probiotics against gastric mucosal erosion and highlights the involvement and modulation of proliferative stem cells and their multiple glandular epithelial cell lineages.

Original languageEnglish
Article number596
JournalBiology
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Cell proliferation
  • Gastric erosion
  • H,K-ATPase
  • Mucus
  • Probiotics
  • Trefoil factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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