Mixed convection flow of thermally stratified MHD nanofluid over an exponentially stretching surface with viscous dissipation effect

Prabhakar Besthapu, Rizwan Ul Haq, Shankar Bandari, Qasem M. Al-Mdallal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present analysis concentrates to examine the influence of both thermal and solutal stratification on magneto-hydrodynamics (MHD) nanofluid flow along an exponentially stretching sheet. Moreover, simultaneous effects of mixed convection and viscous dissipation are also analyzed to determine the thermal conductivity within the restricted domain. Energy and concentration equation consist of two important slip mechanisms, namely: the Brownian motion of nanoparticles and the thermophoresis due to concentration difference. By the mean of compatible similarity transformed, a system of PDEs is converted into the system of nonlinear ODEs. The resulting nonlinear ODEs are successfully solved via the implicit finite difference method (FDM). Obtained numerical solutions are plotted for each profile for different and converging values of including parameters. To validate the results, numerical values of Nusselt number are compared with the existing literature for a particular case. Obtained results present the significant impact of each parameter on temperature and concentration. Nanofluid flow behaviour is also observed via velocity profile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-314
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume71
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2017

Keywords

  • Dissipation
  • Keller box
  • Nanofluid
  • Permeable
  • Stratification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Mixed convection flow of thermally stratified MHD nanofluid over an exponentially stretching surface with viscous dissipation effect'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this