Mitigating global methane emissions using metal-organic framework adsorbents

Eyas Mahmoud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Global emission of methane reached a record high in 2020. Furthermore, it is expected that methane emissions will continue to rise in the coming years despite the economic slowdown stemming from the coronavirus pandemic. Adsorbents can be used to reduce methane emissions. However, the question remains as to which adsorbents perform best for enhanced methane capture. In this work, it is demonstrated that metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) exhibited the best methane uptakes at 1 bar and 298 K from experiments as compared to tested carbonaceous materials, polymers, and zeolites. In addition, the adsorption entropy, an important thermodynamic property indicating adsorption capacity and kinetics, is determined on well-defined MOFs using a global predictive equation for porous materials. A correlation was used to describe the effect of translation and rotation of methane in the porous material for methane emission abatement. This information and the entropy of adsorption of methane on MOFs has not been reported before. The predicted results were compared to experimental data obtained from adsorption isotherms. Optimum isosteric heats were calculated by the Bhatia and Myers correlation. Finally, the pre-exponential factor of desorption is determined to aid in the design of materials for global methane emissions mitigation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7733
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume10
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2020

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Entropy
  • Kinetics
  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • Methane
  • Universal descriptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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