Middle east consensus statement on the prevention, diagnosis, and management of cow's milk protein allergy

Yvan Vandenplas, Ahmed Abuabat, Suleiman Al-Hammadi, Gamal Samy Aly, Mohamad S. Miqdady, Sanaa Youssef Shaaban, Paul Henri Torbey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Presented are guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) which is the most common food allergy in infants. It manifests through a variety of symptoms that place a burden on both the infant and their caregivers. The guidelines were formulated by evaluation of existing evidence-based guidelines, literature evidence and expert clinical experience. The guidelines set out practical recommendations and include algorithms for the prevention and treatment of CMPA. For infants at risk of allergy, appropriate prevention diets are suggested. Breastfeeding is the best method for prevention; however, a partially hydrolyzed formula should be used in infants unable to be breastfed. In infants with suspected CMPA, guidelines are presented for the appropriate diagnostic workup and subsequent appropriate elimination diet for treatment. Exclusive breastfeeding and maternal dietary allergen avoidance are the best treatment. In infants not exclusively breastfed, an extensively hydrolyzed formula should be used with amino acid formula recommended if the symptoms are life-threatening or do not resolve after extensively hydrolyzed formula. Adherence to these guidelines should assist healthcare practitioners in optimizing their approach to the management of CMPA and decrease the burden on infants and their caregivers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-73
Number of pages13
JournalPediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Allergy and immunology
  • Breast feeding
  • Hypersensitivity
  • Infant formula
  • Milk hypersensitivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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