MHD pulsatile flow of engine oil based carbon nanotubes between two concentric cylinders

Rizwan Ul Haq, Faisal Shahzad, Qasem M. Al-Mdallal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this article, thermal performance of engine oil in the presence of both single and multiple wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs and MWCNTs) between two concentric cylinders is presented. Flow is driven with oscillatory pressure gradient and magneto-hydrodynamics (MHDs) effects are also introduced to control the random motion of the nanoparticles. Arrived broad, it is perceived that the inclusion of nanoparticles increases the thermal conductivity of working fluid significantly for both turbulent and laminar regimes. Fundamental momentum and energy equations are based upon partial differential equations (PDEs) that contain thermos-physical properties of both SWCNTs and MWCNTs. The solution has been evaluated for each mixture, namely: SWCNT-engine oil and MWCNT-engine oil. Results are determined for each velocity, temperature, pressure and stress gradient. Graphical results for the numerical values of the emerging parameters, namely: Hartmann number (M), the solid volume fraction of the nanoparticles (ϕ), Reynolds number (Reω), and the pulsation parameter based on the periodic pressure gradient are analyzed for pressure difference, frictional forces, velocity profile, temperature profile, crux, streamlines and vorticity phenomena. In addition, the assets of various parameters on the flow quantities of observation are investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-68
Number of pages12
JournalResults in Physics
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Concentric cylinders
  • MHD
  • Nanofluids
  • Pulsating flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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