The ability of camel liver microsomes to metabolise a range of common environmental carcinogens including benzo(a)pyrene, dimethylbenzanthracene and aflatoxin B1 has been investigated. The camel liver has shown the ability to metabolise benzo(a)pyrene, dimethylbenzanthracene and aflatoxin B1 to a number of metabolites. The major metabolites of benzo(a)pyrene produced by camel liver enzymes were identified as its mono-hydroxy derivatives and suggest that the metabolic detoxification pathways of carcinogen metabolism are predominant in this species. Benzo(a)pyrene metabolising activity in camel liver required NADPH and was inhibited by CO and alpha-naphthoflavone suggesting the involvement of cytochrome P450 in the metabolism of this carcinogen by camel liver. The cytochrome P450-dependent metabolism of carcinogen and other specific substrates such as ethoxyresorufin and ethoxycoumarin, by camel liver enzymes, was about 50% higher than that of rat liver enzymes. The cytochrome P450-dependent metabolism of a variety of carcinogenic and other substrates by camel liver demonstrated that there are multiple forms of cytochrome P450 enzymes involved in the metabolism of a wide array of xenobiotics and pollutants.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part C: Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1994|
- Aflatoxin B1
- Camel liver microsomes
- Carcinogen metabolism
ASJC Scopus subject areas