Metabolic ataxias

Fatima Y. Ismail, Hiroshi Mitoma, Ali Fatemi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The nervous system is vulnerable to intrinsic and extrinsic metabolic perturbations. In particular, the cerebellum, with its large Purkinje cells and its high density of neurons and glial cells, has high metabolic demand and is highly vulnerable to metabolic derangements. As a result, many disorders of intermediary metabolism will preferentially and sometimes selectively target the cerebellum. However, many of these disorders present in a multisystem fashion with ataxia being a part of the neurologic symptom complex. The presentation of these disorders depends on the time of onset and type of metabolic derangement. Early infantile or intrauterine-onset diseases will present in a young child typically with global hypotonia and both nystagmus and ataxia become more apparent later in life, while later-onset diseases usually present primarily with ataxia. It is important to note that the majority of these disorders are progressive if they are untreated. This chapter provides a review of acquired and genetic metabolic disorders that target the cerebellum, and discusses their diagnostic evaluation and therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Clinical Neurology
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Pages117-127
Number of pages11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Publication series

NameHandbook of Clinical Neurology
Volume155
ISSN (Print)0072-9752
ISSN (Electronic)2212-4152

Keywords

  • acquired
  • ataxia
  • cerebellum
  • genetic
  • Krabbe
  • metabolic derangement
  • Niemann–Pick
  • superficial siderosis
  • Wernicke encephalopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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