Medicinally active principles analysis of Tephrosia apollinea (Delile) DC. growing in the United Arab Emirates

Abdul J. Cheruth, Saif A.M. Al Baloushi, Kandhan Karthishwaran, Sajid Maqsood, Shyam S. Kurup, Sabitha Sakkir

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Tephrosia apollinea is a leguminous plant and is native to southwest Asia, Arabia, northwestern India and northeast Africa. In traditional system, it is used for medicinal and coloring purpose. The present study aims to explore the phytochemical, proximate analysis, element contents and antioxidant potential of T. apollinea extract. Methods: The phytochemical screening was done with qualitative methods. Proximate analysis and elemental composition were performed from powdered sample. In vitro antioxidant assays such as 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals and reducing power-scavenging assays were used for evaluating the antioxidant properties. Results: Qualitative screening of methanolic extract of T. apollinea showed the presence of alkaloids, phenolics, flavonoids, terpenoids, glycosides and saponins. The methanolic extract of T. apollinea exhibited a significant dose dependent inhibition of DPPH activity, with a 50% inhibition (IC50) at a concentration found to be 29.41 μg/ml, which was compared with standard GAE (IC50 = 31.09 μg/ml). The reducing power shows good linear relationship in both standard gallic acid (R2 = 0.956) and T. apollinea extract (0.984). Conclusions: The results of our study clearly suggested that the methanolic extract of T. apollinea may serve as potential source of natural antioxidant for nutraceutical application.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number61
    JournalBMC Research Notes
    Volume10
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 25 2017

    Keywords

    • Antioxidant
    • Free radical
    • Phytochemical
    • Proximate
    • Tephrosia apollinea

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Medicinally active principles analysis of Tephrosia apollinea (Delile) DC. growing in the United Arab Emirates'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this