Medication adherence and treatment-resistant hypertension in newly treated hypertensive patients in the United Arab Emirates

Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Syed Mahboob Shah, Elhadi Husein Aburawi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

(1) Background: The present study aimed to analyze medication adherence and its effect on blood pressure (BP) control and assess the prevalence of treatment-resistant hypertension (TRH) among newly treated hypertensive patients in the United Arab Emirates (UAE); (2) Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted to evaluate 5308 naïve hypertensive adults registered for the treatment across Abu Dhabi Health Services (SEHA) clinics in Abu Dhabi in 2017. After collect-ing data regarding basic details and BP measurements, patients were followed up for six months. Patients who did not reach BP targets despite taking three or more antihypertensive medications were defined as TRH; (3) Results: The overall adherence to antihypertensive treatment was 42%. At 6-month, a significant reduction in BP was observed in patients adherent to medications (systolic: −4.5 mm Hg and diastolic: −5.9 mm Hg) than those who were nonadherent to antihypertensive therapy (1.15 mm Hg and 3.59 mm Hg). Among 189 patients using three or more antihypertensive medications for six months, only 34% (n = 64) were adherent to the treatment, and only 13.7% (n = 26) reached the BP target. The prevalence of TRH was 20.1%; (4) Conclusions: Medication adherence and BP control among the participants were suboptimal. The study shows a high prevalence of TRH among newly treated hypertensives in the UAE. More extraordinary efforts toward improving adherence to antihypertensive therapy and more focus toward BP control and TRH are urgently needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5036
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2021

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Control
  • Hypertension
  • Medication adherence
  • Treatment-resistant hypertension
  • United Arab Emirates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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