Mechanical, durability and microstructural characteristics of ultra-high-strength self-compacting concrete incorporating steel fibers

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175 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Few researches are carried out in the Gulf area to study the feasibility of producing UHSC using available local materials with the inclusion of steel fibers, and investigate its properties and durability. Local available materials and the inclusion of steel fibers with different volume fractions are investigated to produce UHSC. Different mechanical properties are evaluated (compressive strength and splitting tensile strength). Durability of the concrete in high sulfate and high temperature condition (i.e. resembling Gulf environment) is evaluated. Also, chloride permeability, bulk chloride diffusion and electrical resistivity are evaluated. Test results indicate that local material can produce UHS-FRC. The ductility of the concrete is greatly improved by the incorporation of steel fibers and increases as the fiber volume increases. Chloride permeability, bulk chloride diffusion and electrical resistivity are affected by the volume fraction of steel fibers. The inclusion of steel fibers did not have significant effect on the durability of the concrete in the sulfate environment. Microstructural investigations of UHS-FRC concrete were also performed. The microstructural investigations shed some light on the nature of interfacial bond of fibers and the cement paste and its effect on its mechanical and fracture properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4286-4292
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials and Design
Volume30
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

Keywords

  • Mechanical and durability characteristics (E)
  • Microstructure (F)
  • Ultra-high-strength self-compacting fiber-reinforced concrete (A)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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