Mechanical and micro-structure characterization of steel fiber-reinforced geopolymer concrete

Said Elkholy, Hilal El-Hassan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper aims to investigate the mechanical performance of steel fiber-reinforced geopolymer concrete made with fly ash and ground granulated blast furnace slag as blended aluminosilicate source material. To activate the binding phase, combinations of sodium silicate (SS) and sodium hydroxide (SH) solutions with three different molarities (8M, 10M, and 14M) were used. Steel fibers were added to the geopolymer concrete mix in varying proportions up to 3%, by volume. Constant binder, activator solution, and aggregate contents were adopted for all 13 mixes. Samples were cast and cured at ambient conditions for measuring the rheological and mechanical properties, including slump, modulus of elasticity, compressive strength, tensile splitting strength, and flexural strength. Experimental test results show that geopolymers made with higher molarity of SH were less workable but had improved mechanical performance. The effect of adding steel fibers on the mechanical performance was more apparent at an early age and in weaker geopolymer concretes. Additionally, scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy highlighted the co-existence of calcium aluminosilicate hydrate and sodium aluminosilicate hydrate gels.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationISEC 2019 - 10th International Structural Engineering and Construction Conference
EditorsDidem Ozevin, Hossein Ataei, Mehdi Modares, Asli Pelin Gurgun, Siamak Yazdani, Amarjit Singh
PublisherISEC Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780996043762
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event10th International Structural Engineering and Construction Conference, ISEC 2019 - Chicago, United States
Duration: May 20 2019May 25 2019

Publication series

NameISEC 2019 - 10th International Structural Engineering and Construction Conference

Conference

Conference10th International Structural Engineering and Construction Conference, ISEC 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago
Period5/20/195/25/19

Keywords

  • Analytical models
  • Mechanical properties
  • Rheological properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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